Santa Marta Wiki
Santa Marta is the first city in Latin America to have been created by the Spanish conquistadores.
Located in the north of the country, capital of the department of Magdalena, it is an important tourist, cultural and historical center.
Simon Bolivar, a political and military personality, died here in 1830.
Number of Inhabitants
The city of Santa Marta has approximately 500,000 inhabitants (2018 estimate)
History of Santa Marta
Before the colonial era, the area was occupied by Amerindians.
In 1524, the Spaniard Rodrigo de Bastidas landed in the region.
He founded the city of Santa Marta and developed it as the port and capital of the region.
In 1596, Governor Lope de Orozco restructured the commercial and political environment of the territory.
The town was targeted by pirates in the region and was stormed several times during the 16th and 17th centuries.
Santa Marta is a place of struggle for independence, marked in particular by the Battle of Santa Marta (November 11, 1820), which resulted in nearly a thousand dead and as many wounded and prisoners.
Banana cultivation helped the city to prosper in the first half of the 20th century.
Since then, the region has relied on tourism.
Geography of Santa Marta
Located on the north coast of Colombia, Santa Marta gives its name to the bay that surrounds it.
Built between sea and mountains, it is located on the Caribbean Sea and has an altitude of between 0 and 5.7 m.
The mountains of Sierra Nevada, the highest coastal massif in the world, dominate it in the southeast.
The highest mountain of the range, the Cristóbal Colón peak, overlooks it with its altitude of 5,775 m.
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How to get around the in Santa Marta ?
The city of Santa Marta offers a choice of various modes of transport, buses, busetas or taxis.
Buses and busetas: several bus companies serve Santa Marta.
Taxis: Taxis are easy to spot in the streets because of their yellow colour.
Drivers are required to show a document showing the legal prices for each destination.
If the driver does not have one, it is preferable to hail another taxi.
What to see in Santa Marta (for Free)
The city of Santa Marta has many sights to see for free
- The Casa de Aduana
- The town hall
- The cathedral
- The sculpture in homage to the Tayrona ethnic group
- The statue of Rodrigo de Bastidas
- Sunset in front of the Moro
The city is also home to several very interesting museums such as
- The Gold Museum
- The Bolivarian Museum of Modern Art
- The Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum
But Santa Marta is above all know for the Rodadero, a very touristic beach of national fame, which receive mass tourism all the year around.
Historic Center of Santa Marta
A visit to Santa Marta takes the visitor to the main viewpoints and places of interest such as :
Customs House & Glod Museum
Parque de los Novios
the “Pibe” Valderrama monument
What to do in Santa Marta (Activities)
Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino
It is the final resting place of Simon Bolivar, hero of the revolution and major historical figure of Latin America.
- Sailing Tours
- Boat Trips to Tayrona
- Beach in Taganga
- Bahia Concha
The heart of the city is full of shops and small businesses where it is possible to make various purchases.
During a trip to Santa Marta, you can acquire, among other typical products :
- Mochila ( Colombian Indigenous Bags)
- Gold jewelry
- Ruana (Colombian pancho)
- Indian pottery and leather goods.
Gastronomy and local recipe(s)
- The Cayeye
- cassava cooked with cheese
- fish soup and empanadas (filled slippers)
The yellow fever vaccine is highly recommended for the coastal regions and the Amazon, as well as the DTP update.
Vaccinations against hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever and rabies may also be recommended.
Repellents should be used to repel mosquitoes.
In case of emergency, dial 123.
Hospitals in Santa Marta
Hospital Universitario Fernando Troconis
- Comuna 4 Santa Marta
- +57 4213 698.
Clínica La Milagrosa
- Calle 22 # 13A – 09
- +57 5 4215850.
- In summer : – 7h
- In winter : – 6h
Where to go After Santa Marta
To enjoy the freshness of the mountains, climb in the Sierra Nevada (1h from Santa Marta)!
In Minca, you stay in charming ecohabs overlooking the Caribbean coast.
In this green and restful environment, you are lulled by the songs of the multitude of colorful birds.
You go on a day trip to observe the birds, discover natural waterfalls, and a traditional coffee Finca.
From here, birdwatchers can also discover the exclusive El Dorado Park, famous for its many bird species.
- See also : Minca Complete Travel Guide
A day’s walk between tropical forest, bays, and pristine beaches:
Follow an ecological trail through the rainforest up the river, reach the coast, and the pristine beaches of Arrecifes, and then swim in the crystal clear waters of La Piscina (4h walk, medium level).
You can then reach Cape San Juan de Guia (“El Cabo”), a spectacular bay of white sand, surrounded by huge volcanic rocks.
See also : Tayrona Park Complete Travel Guide
Lost City Trek (Ciudad Perdida)
Leave for 4 to 5 days of hiking in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Departing from Santa Marta or Tayrona Park, go deep into the Sierra Nevada to discover the mythical Lost City of the Tayrona civilization.
This trek is the opportunity to understand the beliefs of this mystical place and to meet the Kogui people.
During the trek, you will be able to swim in natural pools of great beauty.
Note: Bring good shoes, mosquito repellent, and sunscreen.
Attention: It is planned to walk 5 to 7 hours per day with a negative and positive difference in altitude each day.
Note: This tour can be offered privately or in groups.
For a moment of disconnection with civilization, choose to take a few days in a bungalow in Palomino, on a deserted beach.
Here you are alone to enjoy the ocean rolls and the excellent local cuisine.
Located 1h30 away from Santa Marta, this accommodation guarantees you resourcing and relaxation during a seaside stay far from the crowds.
You can opt for relaxation or nature activities such as :
A buoy descent on the Don Diego river: a contemplative and relaxing walk in the forest.
An excursion to the Quebrada Valencia: in the middle of the jungle, enjoy the natural freshwater pools.
Now Your Turn
Now I’d like to hear what you have to say:
Do you have any questions about Santa Marta ?
Or maybe I didn’t mention one of your favorite tip ?
Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below right now.