Characteristics of Popayan
Popayan is a city rich in history and tourist sites.
It is the capital of the department of Cauca, in the west of Colombia.
Its renowned cuisine earned it the title of City of Gastronomy, awarded by UNESCO in 1997.
Number of Inhabitants : The town of Popayan has a population of approximately 265,700 (2010 estimate).
Geography of Popayan
Located in the west of Colombia, Popayan is a city quite close to the Pacific coast.
Bordered to the north by the Cauca River, it covers an area of about 500 km².
It is built at an altitude of 1760 m.
History of Popayan
Popayan is originally an Indian village, conquered in 1537 by the conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar.
He founded a new town there, attached to the Audiencia Real de Quito.
Located at the crossroads of several major cities, Popayan rapidly expanded and became a point of passage and transit for goods.
It also has gold and silver mines, and as such provides for the manufacture of the national currency.
Colombia became independent in 1826.
Built in a seismic region, Popayan has had to cope with several major earthquakes, the most recent and destructive being that of March 1983.
What to see in Popayan ?
The city of Popayan has many tourist sites to see.
Visitors can visit the Santo Domingo church, the temple of San Agustin (16th century), the National Palace and Casa Caldas.
On the museum side, the city offers, among other things, the Religious Art Museum, the Mosquera House-Museum (which belonged to one of the most illustrious families in the city), the Natural History Museum and the Negret House-Museum, where contemporary works of art are on display.
What to do in Popayan ?
- Discover the historic center of Popayan, one of the most beautiful in Latin America.
- Appreciate the magnificent white buildings of the city such as the basilica-cathedral Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, a characteristic that earned Popayan its nickname of “white city”.
- Participate in the Holy Week celebrations, if your trip takes place during this period.
- Taste the local gastronomy.
Video of Popayan
During your trip to Popayan, you can purchase bufandas (scarves), a ruana (Colombian pancho), Indian pottery, leather goods, as well as beautiful blankets and gold jewelry.
You will also be able to bring back mouth-watering products such as typical biscuits (torta blanca, tortilla pastel) and various drinks (agua de toley etc.).
Gastronomy and local recipe(s)
The dishes: pipian (chicken stew with mashed potatoes, roasted and ground peanuts, hard-boiled egg, tomatoes and condiments), empanadas and tamales de pipian (stuffed slippers), corn wraps, ullucos (potato-like tubers), carantanta (corn bread), sancocho (chicken soup, corn, coriander and various condiments).
Desserts: rosquillas (fritters), molletes (muffins).
Drinks: aguardiente caucano (aniseed-flavoured alcoholic drink).
No vaccinations are required to travel to Colombia.
For the coastal regions and the Amazon, DTP update and yellow fever vaccine are highly recommended.
Vaccinations against hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever and rabies may also be recommended.
To prevent dengue fever, carry mosquito repellents.
In case of emergency, dial 123.
Hospitals in Popayan
Hospital Universitario San José Ese
- Popayan, Cauca Dept
- +57 823 45 08.
Clinica La Estancia
- Calle 15N No 2 – 350
- +572 833 10 00.
- In summer : – 7h
- In winter : – 6h
What to see after Visiting Popayán ?
This city, one of the most traditional in Colombia, is a jewel of colonial architecture, whose role was important during this period.
The tour of the historic center begins with the Chapel of Belén, perched on a promontory that dominates the city.
The visit continues to other sites of interest, including the churches of the “Ermita”, San Francisco, El Carmen and the “Encarnacíon”, as well as the Museum of Religious Arts, which contains valuable objects from the colonial period in Colombia.
Traditional Guambiano Market
Enter the Guambiano indigenous village of Silvia, in the heart of the mountains.
An authentic encounter with the Indians awaits you; as well as the opportunity to share their crafts and traditions.
The Guambianos (a community of about 12,000 people) speak their own language, Paez, or ‘Nasa Yuwe’ in the Indian language.
Both men and women wear long skirts, draped in blue and edged in pink, as well as a poncho of the same colour, a striped scarf and a hat.
This colourful farandole is especially represented on Tuesdays, during the picturesque weekly market.
The town of Silvia (perched at an altitude of 2500 m, 40 km from Popayan) and its famous Tuesday market
Archaeological site of Tierradentro
Situated in an isolated and austere valley (4 hours drive from Popayan and 5 hours from San Agustin), this archaeological site, classified by UNESCO, offers a large number of pre-Columbian remains.
In honour of their gods and their dead, the indigenous Paeces made tombs decorated with images of birds, animals or geometric figures.
The people of Tierradentro were true craftsmen (architecture, goldsmith’s trade, sculptures, ceramics…) and the atmosphere of the place can only seduce the visitor.
The underground galleries and other funerary monuments contribute to the mystical atmosphere of the place.
Diving into this rich past preserved by the descendants of these pre-Columbian peoples is a memorable experience.
Take full advantage of the region’s wealth of historical vestiges, culture and extraordinary landscapes, while hiking through the neighbouring villages.
Note: Hypogeums are scattered on the tops of several hills.
They can be reached on foot, via paths that are sometimes rough and steep, the nearest site being 20 minutes walk away (Alto de Segovia), the furthest one 2 hours away on foot.
Note: Consult us to know the accessibility of this area in real time.
The Puracé natural park and its volcanoes.
San Agustin and its 130 sculpted statues
Now Your Turn
Now I’d like to hear what you have to say:
Do you have any questions about Popayan ?
Or maybe I didn’t mention one of your favorite tips about this destination ?
Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below right now.