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More than 2,200,000 inhabitants.
Brief Historical Description
It is one of the cities with more historical tradition in the New World.
It was founded in 1515 by Diego Velázquez, with the name of San Cristóbal de la Habana in a place of the southern coast, near the current population of Surgidero de Batabano, a few years later towards 1519, his inhabitants moved to the northern part of the island.
Due to its privileged situation it became an important point in the route between America and the Peninsula and for this reason it frequently attracted pirate attacks.
In order to defend it, a defensive system based on fortresses was built in the 15th century and completed in the 17th century.
In 1592 it was declared a city by Philip II and in 1607 it became the capital of the island by Royal Decree, an honor that was held until then by Santiago de Cuba.
In 1762 it was conquered by the English and was returned to Spain by the peace of Paris (1763), in exchange for the territory of Florida.
During the 18th century it began its economic growth that continued throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.
In 1898, taking as a pretext the bombing of the battleship Mane, in its port, the United States declared war on Spain and on 1 January 1899 the island proclaimed its independence under American occupation.
The city acquired a modern physiognomy and until the communist revolution it was a paradise for American tourism.
Since 1959 it became one of the revolutionary centers of Latin America and Africa.
The fall of communism in the USSR and the American Blockade give it an uncertain future.
Events in Havana
- June : Festival of Golden Boleros of Havana.
- July : Carnival festivities.
- August : Havana Theater Festival.
- October : International Ballet Festival and Lyric Art Festival.
Gastronomy of Havana
The joy, the explosion of flavours and the welcome typical of Cubans is also reflected in the colourful, sensual and mestizo food of this “pearl of the Antilles”.
Its variation is due to the fusion of cultures, presided by the Spanish (with the well-known Jewish and Arab component) and the African, but also the arrival of Chinese, Europeans…
preceded by the culture of the aboriginal “Tainos” who populated the island when Columbus arrived.
- The Congri Rice cooked with red beans.
- El Ajiaco Masses of pork with potatoes, yucca, plantain, malanga, corn and pumpkin.
- Futú Fried bananas, grains and aromatic herbs. Dish of African origin.