Panama offers a tropical climate tempered by the altitude which has 2 seasons: the dry season and the rainy season.
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from December to April
It is also the high tourist season when the natural reserves and beaches are very busy
While it is hot and dry in the eastern regions and along the Pacific coast, the rains are scarcer on the Caribbean coast.
Between May and November, it rains more but the temperatures are still very pleasant
It comes in the form of thunderstorms rather in the early afternoon and can last between 1 and 3 hours, giving way to a bright sunshine later in the day
As a result, nature takes on its most beautiful colours and conceals beautiful treasures that will delight photographers and botany enthusiasts
The sun continues to shine during the day and offers great opportunities for relaxation
It is also the period when the waves are the most important, making the joy of surfers
Humpback whales migrate to the Pacific off the coast of Panama and leatherback turtles come to lay their eggs on Caribbean beaches
At this time, it rains more on the Caribbean coast than on the Pacific coast.
However, like its neighbour Costa Rica, Panama usually experiences its “little summer” in July: a dry period during which the rain stops and temperatures rise.
Regardless of the season in Panama, temperatures are roughly the same, ranging from 21 to 32°C in the lowland regions and 10 to 18°C in the mountains.
The sea offers, throughout the year, great opportunities for swimming, between 25 and 30°C.
Panama is not subject to cyclones.
The best season for a trip to Panama
Depending on the region visited, the ideal seasons will not be the same:
Between December and April (dry season), the climate is ideal whatever the itinerary
Hikers will prefer this season to optimize the practice of their activity.
The rainy season, from May to November, is more marked on the Caribbean coast
But lovers of animals and unusual discoveries will be able to observe humpback whales and leatherback turtles.
Geography of Panama
This country, which represents only 1/7th of France (75,500 km²), is bordered to the north by the Caribbean Sea and to the south by the Pacific Ocean
It forms the link between Central and South America
It stretches 772 km from east to west and between 50 and 190 km from north to south depending on the location
The famous Panama Canal, which crosses the country in its center, delimits the eastern region from the western region
Despite its small size, this country offers a multitude of landscapes and climates
Between its numerous nature reserves and its 1500 islands or islets scattered off the Caribbean or Pacific coasts, it is home to one of the richest biodiversity on the planet
Panama is both mountainous and seaside, volcanic and lacustrine
It has nearly 3000 km of coastline divided between the Caribbean (1290 km) and the Pacific (1700 km).
The country shares borders with Costa Rica in the west and Colombia in the south-east.