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El Yunque

Baracoa’s rite of passage is the 8 km hike (from top to bottom) to the top of this mysterious and lunatic mountain.

The view from the summit (575 m) as well as the flora and along the path are magnificent.

The hike is hot and humid, and usually muddy.

Important; remember to bring at least 2L of water.

Early departure from Campismo Popular, about 9 km northwest of Baracoa, to avoid the hot hours.

All visits must be guided.

Cubatur offers this tour almost every day (16 Cuc per person, minimum four people).

The price includes entrance, guide, transportation and a sandwich.

Halfway up, a fruit stall awaits you, which will allow you to take a pleasant break. From the top, you can see the whole coast.

There are endemic plants that do not grow anywhere else. On the way down, you can bathe in waterfalls or swim in the Duaba River.

You can observe

  • The tocororo (the national bird of Cuba)
  • Zunzún (the smallest bird in the world),
  • Butterflies
  • Polymitas (endangered colored snails).

If you are unable to reach the summit itself, ask Ecotur about the 7 km Sendero Juncal-Rencontra that divides the fruit plantations and rainforest between the Duaba and Toa rivers.

  • Price : 16 Cuc

Rio Toa

Ten kilometers northwest of Baracoa, the Toa is the third longest river on the north coast of Cuba and the largest in the country.

It is also an important habitat for birds and plants.

Cocoa and coconut trees are ubiquitous in the Valle de Toa.

A large hydroelectric project on the Río Toa was abandoned after a persuasive campaign by the Fundación de la Naturaleza y El Hombre convinced the authorities that it would cause irreparable ecological damage – technical and economic reasons also played a role.

Finca Duaba

Five kilometers from Baracoa, on the road to Moa, and one kilometer inland, Finca Duaba offers a fleeting glimpse of the Baracoan countryside.

It is a lush farm surrounded by abundant tropical plants and enhanced by a short cocoa trail that explains the history and characteristics of chocolate.

You will also visit a typical bohío (hut), or peasant hut, where the staff members actually live

There is also a good ranch-style restaurant and the possibility of swimming in the Duaba River.

A bike cab can drop you off at the junction of the roads.

  • 2 Cuc
  • 8am-7pm

Excursion to Yumurí

In Río Yumurí, 30 km east of Baracoa is charming green river, flowing between high cliffs,

You will be able to see and hear the national bird of Cuba, the trogon (also known as tocororo)

The excursion to Yumuri, allows us to know the legend of the Honey River, the nature of the largest cocoa plantation in Cuba and its agro-industrial processes, which make Baracoa the capital of cocoa, the history of the Guineo plantations (bananas), the railroads, the sugar mills, the maritime trade, the Guineo transport cable cars, closely related to the Nengon and Kiribá festivals.

You will also find a beautiful coastline with several beaches, a unique tunnel called Paso de los Alemanes to reach the protected area of the canyon of the Yumurí river which shelters a healthy and silent environment

You may have the chance to observe various birds and the aboriginal legend of the word Yumurí to the legendary traditions of the community,

The territory offers great potential for nature tourism, among which stands out the Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve, one of the most important ecological regions of the island and the best preserved due to its virginity.

There are important national heights that, together with the mountain range, make it the Alto Oriente Cubano: the Pico Buenavista with 1,193.8, La Loma del Gato with 1,184 m and the Pico Galan with 1,181 m.

It has the privilege of possessing 3 World Heritage Sites: the Tumba Francesa, the French coffee plantations and the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, nucleus of the Toa Knife Biosphere Reserve, natural jewel of Cuba.

The Tunel de los Alemanes

Near the mouth of the Yumurí River is the Tunel de los Alemanes (German tunnel). This impressive natural rock formation, through which the road passes, is so called because, in pre-revolutionary times, a German family lived nearby and charged drivers of motor vehicles and horses for the passage.

Excursion to Alejandro De Humboldt National Park

From the city, on a 40 km route, to the center of the visit of the “Alejandro de Humboldt National Park”, declared HUMAN HERITAGE, it is the main nucleus of the Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve, it is the most important protected area in Cuba and the best preserved tropical forests of the insular Caribbean.

It has conditions for unique ecosystems, with great richness and strong endemism of species, is the place with the highest index of plants and animals compared to the rest of the world, has a reservoir of marine fauna, such as the manatee.

You can choose one of its tracks:

Sendero Bahía de Taco

A little more than 2 km by boat from the dock of Taco Bay, where the manatee lives.

Interaction with mangrove vegetation Observation of a small key, formed by volcanogenic sedimentary rocks.

Walk along the bay that offers the panorama of the estuaries, a way to visualize the shapes of the karstic relief.

During the visit, you can enjoy the chatter of parrots, cathedrals and the singing of birds such as woodpeckers, blackbirds and seagulls.

Near the Taco River, the hiker will be able to enjoy its transparent and soft waters.

Frequency: 2 per day Schedule: On request Approximate duration: 3 hours

El Balcón de Iberia Trail

Hiking on a 7 km trail starting from the Santa María River. It crosses a flat area surrounded by fruit trees, abundant coconut trees, wood trees and medicinal plants.

The trail is located in areas of the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park and its second section includes the ascent of the 740-meter-high Iberia Mountain.

In this section, there is a predominance of underwater rainforest vegetation, with woody trees and abundant fern populations.

Observation of El Majá waterfall, very close to the source of the Santa María River. The visitor can bathe in its transparent waters.

Frequency: daily

Hours : on request

Duration: about 5 hours.

The El Recreo trail

The route is 3 km long and during the first one you will cross a small valley in the mountains where you will be able to observe trees such as the royal palm, the acana and a centenary ocuje.

In the second km, near the river, we can see accumulations of pebbles of different composition carried by the currents of the mountain, where the river is born.

The trail ends with a refreshing swim in a natural pool.

Frequency: 2 daily departures

Schedules : On request

Pathway navigating for the Toa

On the way to La Perrera del Toa, where the tour begins, you will see places such as factories of coconut oil, cones and cocoa derivatives; the Duaba River, ovens to extract copra from the coconut, Brazilian ovens to process the part of the coconut that will be used for activated carbon. The tour includes a swim in the Toa River. Daily departures: from 8:30 am to 4:00 pm.

Juncal-Rencontra Trail

The trail begins in the town of La Colmena, which is reached by an easily accessible path surrounded by coconut, coffee and banana plantations, which passes through Rencontra, a territory located on the banks of the Duaba River.

As you go along, you will appreciate a beautiful flora where the pomarrosa, the yagrumo, the royal palm, the flowering maritime pine, the jobo, the majagua and several fruit trees, such as the mango tree, the orange tree and the tangerine tree stand out.

The excursion includes a swim in the Duaba River.

Daily departures: 8:30 am to 3:00 pm

Duaba – Toa – Ecotourism excursion to Maguana beach

A tour by bus, Jeep or motorcycle from the historic center to the surrounding nature in the west of the region, enjoying the different agro-industrial processes, the extraction plants of coconut oil, Cucurucho and cocoa derivatives, we will visit the Cocoa Trail ; linked to the socio-cultural knowledge of cocoa, historical monuments of the independence wars, until arriving at the Rancho Toa farm or La Esperanza farm to enjoy the most abundant river in Cuba, in a river walk to Cayuca by the most abundant river in Cuba, bathing in the river and the beach, appreciating the typical products and traditions of the surroundings, with the possibility of a country lunch, which can continue to enrich it with a visit and a bath in the beautiful Maguana beach.

Maceo’s itinerary in Toa and Safari in Quiviján by Jeep or motorcycle

Option to follow the historical route of Major General Antonio Maceo after his landing on Duaba beach.

Most of the route follows the banks of the Toa River, the largest river in Cuba, which guides you through the landscape of the Las Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve, full of traditions such as walking in cayucas and bamboo rafts, is a highly productive agricultural area with mostly lush vegetation, is the largest watershed on the island with crystalline tributaries, healthy and great flow throughout the year, you will visually experience its natural views.

Monitongos of Hatibonico

It is a protected and exclusive nature area located in Hatibonico, municipality of Caimanera, about 20 km from Guantanamo City.

In this area, the dry semi-desert environment merges with the waters coming out of springs and rocky channels that allow to appreciate the endemic flora and fauna through the path of Los Monitongos.

The track is 1.6 km long.

During the first section, in the middle of the intramonitongo valleys with particular landscape characteristics, one can observe trees such as :

  • Cimarron avocado,
  • Putty,
  • The black guayacan,
  • The jatía
  • The Coastal Coalman

and also appreciate different species of birds.

In the second section of the route, we can see many species of :

  • cactus
  • of the hutias
  • iguanas

and there is a natural viewpoint that allows you to observe the Guantanamo Valley, the bay of the same name, the naval base and the Caribbean Sea.

Travel agency in Baracoa

The natural sites being difficult to access from Baracoa, the best solution is to go with experienced guides and organized tours.

Some independent guides will probably offer their services in Baracoa’s plaza, but if you want a professional service, turn to the state agencies that offer very well organized trips at reasonable prices.

The Cuban agencies will allow you to book excursions such as to

  • El Yunque (20 Cuc)
  • Yumuri canyon (20 Cuc)
  • Alejandro de Humboldt National Park (25 Cuc)


Martí # 225 between C. Galano and Roberto Reyes.

Monday to Friday: 8:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. / 1:30 p.m. – 4:30 p.m. Saturday: 8:30 am – 11:30 am

Phone number: 21 645358

Email : [email protected]


Address : Maceo s/n, esq. Pelayo Cuervo.

Opening hours: Monday to Saturday: 8:00 – 12:00 / 14:00 – 18:00 Sunday: 8:30 – 12:00 .

Email : [email protected]


  • Tel : 61 32 83 42
  • Address: Antonio Maceo #181
  • Schedule: 8am-noon & 2-5pm Mon-Fri


Address: Hotel 1511 – Maceo # 103, between 24 de febrero y 10 de octubre

Opening hours: Monday to Saturday: 8:00am – 12:00pm / 2:00pm – 5:00pm Sunday: 8:30am – 12:00pm

Tel : 21 64 24 78

Email : [email protected]

Gaviota Tour

Useful for organizing stays at Gaviota properties, airline tickets and general tours.

Address: Calle Maceo s/n, esq. Rafael Trejo – El Parque Cafeteria

Opening hours: Monday to Sunday: 8am – 12pm / 2pm – 6pm

Telephone: 21 64 51 64

Email: [email protected]


Monday to Saturday: 8am – 12pm / 2pm – 6pm

Tel: 21 644115


Address: Martí #181 A between C.Frías and The Lawns.

Tel: (53) 2164 4383.

Excursions and Ecotourism from Baracoa

José Ángel Delfino Pérez

A walking plant encyclopedia and an enthusiastic geological expert, Jose must be the best private guide in Baracoa.

His professional tours take him to El Yunque, Punta de Maisí, Humboldt and – most importantly – Boca de Yumurí, a trip that includes cocoa plantations, chocolate tasting and visits to remote beaches.

Prices per person decrease for large groups.

Ask to see Jose’s ID card, as he has some unwanted local imitators.

You can contact him by phone, email or at the casa particular de Nilson Abad Guilaré.

Now Your Turn

Now I would like to know, do you have any question ?

Or maybe do you have some information to add ?

Either way, let me know in the comments below

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